Meet Napoleon Bonaparte.
- Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution.
- As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe and sought to spread the ideals of the French Revolution, while consolidating an imperial monarchy which restored aspects of the deposed ancien régime.
- Napoleon was born into French ruled Corsica, which had previously been ruled by Italy.
- Napoleon was well known for his Corsican nationalism.
- Napoleon was brought up Italian, and was originally named Nubulione di Buonaparte. Which changed to the more French sounding name ‘Napoleon Bonaparte’ when he moved to France.
- Napoleon was married twice. His first wife was never able to produce a child with him, which lead him to divorce and re-marry. His second marriage produced an heir. He had other illegitimate children with mistresses.
- Napoleon is inaccurately thought to be very short. This results from the difference between the French Pouce and British Inch - 2.71 and 2.54cm. He was about 1.7 metres (5ft 7 in)
The Code Napoleon, 1804
The Code stated that:
• All people were declared equal before the law. There were no longer any special privileges for Nobles, Churchmen or rich people
• Feudal rights were ended.
• Trial by Jury was guaranteed.
• Religious Freedom was guaranteed.
• Parents were given powers over their children.
• Wives were not allowed to sell or give away property.
• A wife could only own property with her husband’s consent in writing.
• Fathers were allowed to imprison their children for any time up to a month
#Napoleon #Napoleon I #Napoleon Bonaparte #learn